بررسی غیبت از کار به دلیل بیماری در پرسنل کارخانه اتومبیل¬سازی سایپا و عوامل موثر بر آن


۲۶ شهریور ۱۳۹۶

: غیبت از کار، نگرانی عمده سازمان­ها و واحدهای مراقبت سلامت به شمار می­رود. غیبت پزشکی یک علت مهم غیبت از کار در محیط­های کاری می­باشد که علاوه بر هزینه­های مربوط به اقدامات تشخیصی و درمانی، با افزایش میزان ساعت کار از دست رفته، منجر به تحمیل هزینه­های غیر مستقیم به سازمان­ها و صنایع مختلف می­شود. در نتیجه به نظر می­رسد شناخت پدیده غیبت از کار بخصوص غیبت­های پزشکی از اهمیت ویژه­ای برخوردار باشد. این مطالعه با هدف بررسی غیبت از کار به دلیل بیماری در کارگران اتومبیل سازی سایپا طراحی شده است تا سیمای سلامت شغلی کارگران یکی از صنایع مهم کشور بر اساس شاخص­های اساسی غیبت از کار ارزیابی گردد.

روش بررسی: این پژوهش یک مطالعه توصیفی- مقطعی میباشد که در آن 1110 نفر از کارکنان کارخانه اتومبیل­سازی سایپا مورد مطالعه قرار گرفتند. ابزار جمع­آوری اطلاعات در این مطالعه پرسشنامه محقق­ساخته دربرگیرنده اطلاعات دموگرافیک و ویژگی­های شغلی کارکنان، پرونده پزشکی و معاینات دوره­ای پرسنل و سیستم ثبت اطلاعات غیبت از کار کارخانه میباشد. داده­ها پس از جمع­آوری با استفاده از ابزار آماریspss 20  و آنالیز رگرسیون لجستیک مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفتند.

یافته­ها: در این پژوهش کل جمعیت مورد مطالعه شامل 1110 نفر با میانگین سنی 299/4±24/36 است که از این بین 88 درصد کارکنان در طول دوره بررسی غیبت نداشته­اند، همچنین از کل کارکنان 3/11درصد آنها دارای غیبت پزشکی بوده­اند. بیشترین دفعات غیبت (6/71 درصد) در بین کارکنان به مدت یک روزه و بیشترین دفعات غیبت پزشکی بیشتر از 15 روز به دست آمد. در آنالیز رگرسیون لجستیک متغیرهای سن، Workplace group، ساعات مرخصی و استعمال سیگار پیشگویی­کننده غیبت از کار بوده است.

نتیجه­گیری: علل بروز غیبت از کار وغیبت­های پزشکی بسیار متعدد بوده و میبایست با در نظر گرفتن منابع و توانایی­ها و محدودیت­های موجود اقدامات مناسب در راستای کنترل آن صورت پذیرد.

 

كليد واژه ها :

غیبت، غیبت از کار به دلیل بیماری، کارخانه اتومبیل­سازی

مشخصات دانشجو:

نام:  رشته تحصيلي:  مقطع:   دستیاری                 

گروه آموزشي  طب کار       

  پست الكترونيك دانشجو:

amirhossein_119@yahoo.com

 

اساتيد راهنما و داور:

استاد راهنما   دکتر سید اکبر شریفیان

 اساتيد مشاور دکتر امید امینیان

  اساتيد داور  آقای دکتر پوریعقوب ،آقای دکتر امینیان،آقای دکتر مهرداد،خانم دکتر افتخاری ،خانم دکترآل محمد،

خانم دکتر ایزدی

زمان دفاع :

   روز   تاريخ 28 /1/96  ساعت 14

مكان دفاع به آدرس:  دانشکده پزشکی گروه طب کار

اطلاعات به زبان انگليسي

Title:

 Sickness Absenteeism and its Affecting Factors among Employees of Auto Plant

Abstract:

Background: In today’s competitive environment, organizations are increasingly focused on the issues and topics which affect costs and productivity. As one of the most important issues, absenteeism is a major concern for organizations and healthcare units. On the other hand, in occupational medicine literature, sickness absence is known as an important indicator of health status and morbidity rate of work force in various industries.

Objective: the present study aimed to investigate sickness absenteeism and its Affecting Factors among Employees of  Auto Plant .

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was performed on 1110 employees of auto plant in iran. The data were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire containing demographic information, job characteristics, medical records, personnel periodic checkup, and information of the plant attendance system.

Results : A total of 1110 employees with an average age of 36.24±4.299 years were evaluated in this study; the rate of absence during the study period was 11.5%. In addition, 11.3% of the employees had medical absence. The most frequent absence (71.6%) among employees was one day. There was a significant difference between the groups of with and without absence in terms of marital status, employment status, smoking, workplace group, task group, age, work experience, leave days and hours, and days and times of medical absence (p<0.05). Results of logistic regression analysis showed that age, workplace group, hours of leave, and smoking can predict absence.

Conclusion: There are many causes for absenteeism and medical absenteeism in organizations, and appropriate measures should be taken to control it by considering resources, capabilities, and limitations of the organization and reviewing and stemming factors affecting absenteeism.

 

Keywords:

absenteeism, sickness absence, auto plant

 

 

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منبع: معاونت پژوهشي دانشکده پزشکي